Lanzarote is the north-eastern island of the Spanish archipelago of the Canary Islands. It owes its name to Lanzerotto Malocello, the navigator Varazzino who first discovered it in 1312 and who occupied it for a long time. The area is 806 km² (fourth island of the archipelago), the population is about 140,000 inhabitants, it is the third most populous of the Canary Islands after Tenerife and Gran Canaria. The capital of the island is Arrecife. Administratively the island is included in the province of Las Palmas. The main tourist attraction of the island is the Timanfaya National Park, located in the western part and characterized by the volcanic landscape. Other tourist attractions are the caves of Jameos del Agua, the Cueva de los Verdes and the Chario de los Clicos. Lanzarote has been named a Biosphere reserve by UNESCO, thanks also to the efforts of local architect César Manrique. In the hamlet of Taro de Tahiche, 5 km from Arrecife is the seat of the foundation named after him, housed in his residence and that collects sculptures, paintings and architectural projects of great integration with the volcanic nature of the island. Near Lanzarote lies the Chinijo Subarchipelago formed by the smaller islands of Graciosa, Alegranza, Montaña Clara, Roque del Oeste, and Roque del Este.

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